Snow Accumulation/Melt/Runoff/Chemistry in high latitudes permafrost basins

Regions: Inuvialuit Settlement Region

Tags: active layer, permafrost, hydrology, prediction models, snow accumulation, snow, runoff, snowmelt

Principal Investigator: Marsh, Philip (32)
Licence Number: 12771
Organization: National Hydrology Research Institute
Licenced Year(s): 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1990
Issued: Jan 01, 1995
Project Team: J. Pomeroy, B. Quinton, C. Onclin, B. Reid, plus several field assistants

Objective(s): To determine the rates and processes controlling: (1) the accumulation of snow, snowmelt and water flux through snowcovers; (2) the exchange of water between snowcover, the active ground layer and permafrost; (3) the movement of solutes and nutrients through the snowcover and to the stream channel; and (4) the effect of snow/soil temperature regime and vegetation types on runoff processes; to develop physically based, predictive models of snowmelt runoff.

Project Description: As part of a long-term study, the researchers will look at the role of the snowcover in controlling both streamflow and the movement of solutes/nutrients/pollutants through both tundra and forested ecosystems. Work will consist of measuring amounts and distribution of snow, streamflow and release of solutes/nutrients/ pollutants in two river basins at the end of winter.