49 record(s) found with the tag "climate change" (multi-year projects are grouped):
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Reconstructing history of hummocky soil formation in drunken forest
Principal Investigator: Fujii, Kazumichi
Licenced Year(s): 2017
Summary: “Drunken forest” is developed on earth hummocks on shallow permafrost layer near Inuvik, Canada. Black spruce forests are typically grown on the shoulder of mounds and tree rings record the history of soil movement. By reading tree rings, the Principal Investigator (PI) will reconstruct history of hummocky soil formation. The PI will collect tree core samples by making hole in wood of black sp...


Effects of Climate Change and Landscape Perturbation on Arctic Tundra Lake Water Quality
Principal Investigator: Droppo, Ian G
Licenced Year(s): 2017
Summary: The overall goal of this study is to obtain information, through laboratory experiments (rainfall simulator; 2m annular flume) on sediments collected from retrogressive permafrost thaw shoreline slumps affecting numerous Arctic tundra lakes in the Mackenzie Upland Region east of the Mackenzie Delta, on the physical processes through which slump material is transported and delivered to a receiving ...


Long-term reconstructions of cold-season climate and atmospheric Hg deposition from ice wedges in the Mackenzie Delta region
Principal Investigator: Porter, Trevor
Licenced Year(s): 2017
Summary: This purpose of this research is to better understand long-term changes in winter temperatures and atmospheric mercury (Hg) in the Mackenzie Delta area over the last 11,700 years, a period known as the Holocene. The fieldwork aims to sample 20-30 ice wedges that represent a range of Holocene time. Precipitation stable hydrogen isotopes (a temperature proxy) and elemental Hg archived in the wedge i...


Predicting climate-driven changes in water quality and biological communities in Gwich'in lakes
Principal Investigator: Gray, Derek K
Licenced Year(s): 2017
Summary: Zooplankton play a key role in aquatic food webs, providing a conduit for the movement of energy between primary producers (algae) and larger organisms such as macroinvertebrates and fish. Therefore, elucidating the impact of permafrost melting on zooplankton is key to gaining a broader understanding of climate change on aquatic ecosystems in Canada’s north. Objectives of this proposed researc...


Drivers and constraints of ecological change in the western Arctic
Principal Investigator: Lantz, Trevor C.
Licenced Year(s): 2017
Summary: The objectives of this project are to: 1) use remote sensing (Landsat, QuickBird, InSAR, Airphotos, UAVs, etc.) to document the rate and extent of landscape change (slumps, subsidence, vegetation change, lake drainage / expansion, etc.) in the NWT; and, 2) use field sampling and monitoring to determine the causes and impacts of regional changes in vegetation, and permafrost. To quantify land...


Permafrost and climate change, western Arctic Canada
Principal Investigator: Burn, Chris R
Licenced Year(s): 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998
Summary: The objective of this research is to understand the rate of ground warming in permafrost due to climate change and to measure the changes in ground surface characteristics that are occurring as a result. In particular, the research team are interested in changes in ground temperature, in the depth of the active layer, and in subsidence of the ground. The research team are also interested in measur...


Effects of fire on peatland permafrost stability and carbon cycling
Principal Investigator: Olefeldt, David
Licenced Year(s): 2017 2016 2015
Summary: The project team intend to study carbon cycling in peatland catchments, in order to determine whether the interactions between wildfire and permafrost thaw causes increased release of greenhouse gases from peatlands and aquatic ecosystems to the atmosphere, and thus cause amplified climate change. Given the overall objective of the project, the team intend to address five research questions: ...


Permafrost in the western Arctic
Principal Investigator: Kokelj, Steve V
Licenced Year(s): 2017 2016
Summary: The primary objectives of this research are: 1) to develop and test new methods of monitoring permafrost landscape change; 2) to investigate the impacts of natural and human disturbance on permafrost terrain and the ground temperature conditions in natural environments and in communities; and, 3) to assess the physical and chemical characteristics of permafrost. To achieve the objectives the r...


Permafrost monitoring and collection of baseline terrain information in the Mackenzie Valley Corridor, NWT
Principal Investigator: Smith, Sharon S
Licenced Year(s): 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006
Summary: This project continues the on-going monitoring program of permafrost monitoring and collection of baseline terrain information in the Mackenzie Valley Corridor, NWT. The objectives are: 1) To provide baseline knowledge of permafrost and terrain conditions (specifically ground temperature and permafrost active layer thickness) and improve characterization of terrain sensitivity in the Macken...


Influence of changing active-layer thickness on permafrost peatland trace gas exchanges and carbon balance
Principal Investigator: Sonnentag, Oliver
Licenced Year(s): 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
Summary: The project of the present application is the continuation of year-round eddy covariance measurements of carbon, water and energy fluxes at Scotty Creek, established in 2013 as part of licence #15816. The key methodology is tower-mounted micrometeorological measurements around the eddy covariance technique using an open-path infra-red gas analyzer and a sonic anemometer. These measurements are ...


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