155 record(s) found with the tag "physical sciences" (multi-year projects are grouped):
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Glacier mass balance of the Melville South Ice Cap
Principal Investigator: Burgess, David O
Licenced Year(s): 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Summary: The objectives of this study are to estimate the amount of water equivalent mass the Melville South Ice Cap loses (or gains) on an annual basis, and to derive a long-term climate record from glacier measurements and weather station data in order to determine trends in climate change for this region of the NWT. Mass balance is measured at each of the ~21 poles across the ice cap as function of s...

Using the past to inform the future: A paleoecological perspective of the impacts of drought and fire on lakes, permafrost and forests
Principal Investigator: Pisaric, Michael FJ
Licenced Year(s): 2018 2017 2016
Summary: The objectives of this research are to examine the frequency and severity of past wildfire and drought (drought-like) conditions in the southern Northwest Territories. Specifically, the research team will examine the following questions: 1) how frequent and severe have fires been in the past; 2) are fires becoming more frequent/severe due to the impacts of climate change; 3) what impact does wildf...

Impacts of forest fire on discontinuous permafrost in the south-western Northwest Territories
Principal Investigator: Lewkowicz, Antoni G
Licenced Year(s): 2018 2017 2016
Summary: The research goal is to look at how permafrost is changing following forest fire over a range of environmental conditions, with the purpose of improving how change is modelled in the future. The fires of 2014 in the southwestern NWT provide an opportunity to examine how discontinuous permafrost responds to disturbances. This work is being carried out in collaboration with an inter-university team ...

The Arctic Great Rivers Observatory III
Principal Investigator: Holmes, Robert Max
Licenced Year(s): 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Summary: The Arctic Great Rivers Observatory project studies the six largest rivers in the Arctic: the Mackenzie and Yukon Rivers in North America, and the Ob', Yenisey, Lena, and Kolyma Rivers in Russia. We are interested in how climate change is impacting Arctic rivers. The research team will take measurements of the concentration of naturally-occurring chemicals (like carbon and nitrogen) and try to det...

Toward Predicting Future Tundra Carbon Balance
Principal Investigator: Lafleur, Peter M
Licenced Year(s): 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2007 2005 2004
Summary: The broad goal of this research is to increase our understanding of tundra carbon balance of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and predict into the future the impacts of climate warming on these systems. Since we are interested in all aspects of the tundra carbon balance a variety of methods are employed. These can be broken down into 4 basic categories: 1. Tundra-atmosphere fluxes - the ex...

Evaluation of Climate Change impacts on Transportation Systems
Principal Investigator: Ford, James D
Licenced Year(s): 2017
Summary: This proposed project will develop critical scientific methods for quantifying transportation vulnerabilities and adaptation opportunities, filling knowledge gaps about transportation vulnerabilities and opportunities for action. Designing and implementing an Arctic vulnerability and adaptation index for transportation systems and infrastructure is crucial to improving the understanding of how ...

Correlation of water quality parameters of a disturbed slump and an undisturbed river bank on the east branch of the Mackenzie River.
Principal Investigator: Hansen, Jeremy R
Licenced Year(s): 2017
Summary: The objective is to investigate a disturbed slump site and an undisturbed river bank to measure and compare what is possibly melting/flowing/leaching into the river system possibly due to climate change. Physical descriptions of both sites combined with temperature, potential of hydrogen (pH), TSS (total suspended solids), TDS (total dissolved solids), and turbidity will be collected, analysed, an...

2017 Baseline monitoring of marine productivity and oceanography spanning the Northwest Passage using ships of opportunity
Principal Investigator: Fisher, Jonathan AD
Licenced Year(s): 2017 2016
Summary: The first objective is to collect, analyze and report the findings from station-based and continuous plankton sampling and data on depth, temperature and salinity in the upper water column throughout Canada’s Northwest Passage. As a contribution to marine climate change research, this program will provide northern communities with the first regional-scale view of marine productivity—thereby provid...

Structure, Carbon Dynamics, and Silvichronology of Boreal Forests
Principal Investigator: Osawa, Akira
Licenced Year(s): 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001
Summary: The objectives of the research are two-fold. First is to estimate structure, growth, and production of forest stands in northwestern Canada by applying a stand reconstruction and 3D ground-based laser techniques as well as stand measurement, aboveground litter collection, and find root sampling. Second is to examine the relationship between climate change in the high latitudinal regions and the pa...

Effects of Climate Change and Landscape Perturbation on Arctic Tundra Lake Water Quality
Principal Investigator: Droppo, Ian G
Licenced Year(s): 2017
Summary: The overall goal of this study is to obtain information, through laboratory experiments (rainfall simulator; 2m annular flume) on sediments collected from retrogressive permafrost thaw shoreline slumps affecting numerous Arctic tundra lakes in the Mackenzie Upland Region east of the Mackenzie Delta, on the physical processes through which slump material is transported and delivered to a receiving ...