23 record(s) found with the tag "peatlands" (multi-year projects are grouped):
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From Archaea to the Atmosphere: Integrating Microbial, Isotopic and Landscape-Scale Observations to Quantify Methane Emissions from Global High-Latitude Ecosystems
Principal Investigator: Varner, Ruth K
Licensed Year(s): 2019
Summary: The aim of this project is to combine remote sensing data, field measurements and biogeochemical modeling to improve methane emissions estimates from thawing permafrost peatland landscapes at local, regional and global scales. To accomplish this, the research team will integrate data on water table and vegetation from remote sensing (satellites, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAVs)), with local measurem...


The frontline of permafrost thaw: a transect of eddy covariance towers across the southern Taiga Plains to better understand changing regional carbon and water budgets
Principal Investigator: Sonnentag, Oliver
Licensed Year(s): 2019 2018 2018 2017 2016 2015
Summary: Through this project the following objectives will be addressed: What is the net effect of permafrost thawing-induced biophysical and biogeochemical feedbacks to the climate system? How do these two types of feedback differ between the sporadic and discontinuous permafrost zones? Is the reported decrease (increase) in net carbon dioxide (methane) exchange based on plot- (<1m2) and ecosystem-scale...


Influence of changing active-layer thickness on permafrost peatland trace gas exchanges and carbon balance
Principal Investigator: Sonnentag, Oliver
Licensed Year(s): 2019 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
Summary: The project of the present application is the continuation of year-round eddy covariance measurements of carbon, water and energy fluxes at Scotty Creek, established in 2013. The key methodology is tower-mounted micrometeorological measurements around the eddy covariance technique using an open-path infra-red gas analyzer and a sonic anemometer. These measurements are supported by measurements ...


Impacts of 10 years of climate warming on forests and peatlands in the Dehcho
Principal Investigator: Errington, Ruth
Licensed Year(s): 2018
Summary: After 10 years of warming climate conditions, the Canadian Fire Service is leading a field project to re-measure a series of permanent monitoring plots to identify any changes to the forest stand structure, tree growth rates, plant community composition, tree, shrub, herb, and lichen biomass. These changes will be associated with climate trends and environmental factors such as soil type, presence...


Planning and Collection of Data on Boreal Wildfire Effects: Studies of broad-scale 2014 Wildfires in NWT, Canada
Principal Investigator: Bourgeau-Chavez, Laura L.
Licensed Year(s): 2018 2017 2016 2015
Summary: The goal of this project is to identify and collect remote sensing and field data to support the science necessary to investigate the impacts and consequences of the 2014-15 wildfires in Northwest Territories, Canada and to better understand the vulnerability of the Carbon-rich boreal peatlands to burning. Field crews will navigate to pre-selected sample locations and collect at each location: ...


Effects of fire on peatland permafrost stability and carbon cycling
Principal Investigator: Olefeldt, David
Licensed Year(s): 2017 2016 2015
Summary: The project team intend to study carbon cycling in peatland catchments, in order to determine whether the interactions between wildfire and permafrost thaw causes increased release of greenhouse gases from peatlands and aquatic ecosystems to the atmosphere, and thus cause amplified climate change. Given the overall objective of the project, the team intend to address five research questions: ...


The influence of forest fires on metal deposition to lakes and peatlands in the North Slave Region, NWT
Principal Investigator: Chetelat, John
Licensed Year(s): 2016
Summary: The research team will use natural environmental archives (lake sediment and peat cores) to characterize the forest fire history in the study region and test the relationship between fire events and metal accumulation over recent centuries. Study sites will be selected along a gradient of recent forest fire activity with some study sites located in areas of the latest burns (2014-15) to examine th...


Bryophytes regeneration in burned peatlands in Northwest Territories
Principal Investigator: Guêné-Nanchen, Mélina
Licensed Year(s): 2016
Summary: The objective of this project is to evaluate bryophytes regeneration in Northwest Territories burned peatlands to improve the understanding of the structure of mosses ecosystems. This new knowledge should improve the restoration method of disturbed peatlands where the reintroduction and regeneration mosses are problematic. Several sites will be studied in order to have a range of plant communit...


Impact of permafrost thaw and wildfire on carbon storage in peatlands
Principal Investigator: Turetsky, Merritt R.
Licensed Year(s): 2014 2013
Summary: The research team aims to study if permafrost thaw in peatlands is linked to rapid losses of organic matter. The field work will focus on extracting a number of cores from different peatland sites that differ in their permafrost status and in fire history. By examining the peat layers in the core the team will be able to reconstruct the history of the site and to link changes in permafrost conditi...


Effects of wildfire on biomass combustion in boreal peatlands and forests
Principal Investigator: Turetsky, Merritt R.
Licensed Year(s): 2011
Summary: The objective is to quantify the amount of fuel combustion and carbon losses during wildfires in boreal conifer forests and peatlands. These data will allow us to quantify climatic and weather controls on the severity of biomass burning. Boreal forests and peatlands store a large amount of carbon in vegetation and soils. Climate change is predicted to increase summer drought, which could mak...


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